Necrozoospermia or necrospermia - is a medical term when all sperm die in fresh semen samples.
- Incomplete necrozoospermia is when many but not all sperm in semen samples die. Usually, when less than 45%, but more than 5%, is viable.
- Complete necrozoospermia is when all the sperm in the semen sample dies.
Complete necrozoospermia is rare.
It is estimated that only 0.2% to 0.5% of fertile men experience complete necrozoospermia. Necrozoospermia cannot be confused with asthenozoospermia.
Asthenozoospermia is when sperm motility — or how the sperm swim — is abnormal. In this case, the sperm does not move, but they do not die.
Absolute Asthenozoospermia is when no sperm move at all. It occurs in 1 in 5,000 people.
Both asthenozoospermia and necrozoospermia are the causes of male infertility. There are usually no external symptoms. The only way to diagnose the problem is by semen analysis.
Different treatment options for true asthenozoospermia and necrozoospermia. With asthenozoospermia, IVF with ICSI is a potential treatment. (IVF with ICSI is when a sperm is injected into the egg ).
With necrozoospermia, IVF with ICSI is not possible with fresh ejaculation. You cannot inject dead sperm into eggs. The most successful treatment for necrozoospermia is testicular sperm extraction with ICSI or TESE-ICSI.
HERBAL TEA FOR NECROSPERMIA
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It is not entirely clear what caused necrozoospermia. Because it is very rare, there are many unknowns.
Some of the causes and theories behind necrozoospermia include;
- Infection in the male reproductive tract
- Prolonged periods are not ejaculated
- Spinal cord injury
- Problems with the penis
- Problems with the epididymis (which is a long tube, on each testis, where sperm are collected and mature before ejaculation)
- Hormone causes, such as hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (HH)
- Early testicular cancer
- Extremely high body temperature (high temperature kills sperm)
- Anti-sperm antibody, (in which the body's immune symptoms attack healthy sperm cells, normal cells ... sperm cells, in this case)
- Exposure to toxins (environmental toxins available at home or at work)
- Street drug use
- Advanced age (yes, age matters for male fertility )
METHODS TO KNOW THE STATE OF THE SPERMATOZOIDS
To analyze if there is necrozoospermia or the hyposmotic test is not carried out. When the sperm is not alive, ruptures are observed in the sperm. If the sperm is alive, the membrane will not have any impurities.
To diagnose it, the sperm are placed in a culture medium and those that respond to this medium are observed under a microscope by increasing the tail, on the contrary, if the sperm is dead there will be no response from it.
Another way to find out if the sperm is alive or not is to do a sperm vitality test. Through a product, the dead sperm are dyed an orange color since the membrane rotates the liquid between them, dyeing it that color.
As of today, there is no treatment available to ensure that there is no necrospermia in the patient's ejaculate.
If after the study, using a seminogram , necrospermia is diagnosed, it is normal to repeat the spermiogram 3 months later since it may be due to a specific moment caused by a high fever or stress.
If after repeating the seminogram we find 50% of dead sperm , necrozoospermia will be diagnosed and a healthy life will be prescribed with a balanced diet to see if part of the sperm can be recovered.
We also find certain food supplements with antioxidants and vitamins to try to achieve sperm recovery. They are not miracle treatments that cure a necrospermia , but they can help improve the values of the seminogram.
HOW TO GET PREGNANCY WITH NECROSPERMIA?
To achieve a natural pregnancy, the necrospermia should not exceed 47%, and even then it is difficult to fertilize the egg with the sperm.
The most suitable alternative is to visit an assisted reproduction clinic and tackle the problem by means of ICSI in vitro fertilization since artificial insemination in these cases does not make much sense.
NATURAL TREATMENTS FOR NECROSPERMIA
Take fenugreek supplements
The fenugreek has been used as a natural remedy to improve the health of sperm, and a study published in 2017 on Functional Foods in Health & Disease concludes that Furosap, a food supplement made from extracts of this plant, significantly improves levels testosterone and sperm profile.
This plant, also known as Indian ginseng , has been used in traditional Ayurvedic medicine as a natural remedy to treat various forms of sexual dysfunction. And research, published in the Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine , showed that taking 675 mg of ashwagandha daily for 90 days caused a 167% increase in sperm count in the 47 men who participated in the study, and that at the beginning of it had a low count.
Limit soy and other foods with phytoestrogens
Some foods containing phytoestrogens have been observed to reduce testosterone adhesion and sperm production.
Soy is unique in that it contains a high concentration of isoflavones, a type of plant estrogen (phytoestrogen) that is similar in function to human estrogen but with much weaker effects. Soy isoflavones can bind to estrogen receptors in the body and cause either weak estrogenic or anti-estrogenic activity.