A keloid scar is an increase in connective tissue that forms at the site of a skin violation. Such training is not only an aesthetic defect, but can also lead to limited mobility. Both sexes, men and women, are equally likely to form keloid scars. The main age group, prone to the appearance of keloids scars, is from 10 to 40 years old. As a rule, the keloid appears much less often in childhood and old age.
If you have keloids, you have two solutions to get rid of them. Either you can reduce them by surgery, or you can opt for a natural treatment. Conventional treatments like surgery have several drawbacks. They are ineffective, expensive, and keloid scars tend to recur even after surgery. Our natural treatment to remove keloids is composed of 2 elements: a balm and a herbal tea. The anti keloid balm is a mild natural remedy, but very effective in eliminating keloids. It contains plants that regenerate the skin, which is excellent for the natural treatment of keloids. As for the herbal tea, it strengthens the action of the balm. It is a natural solution to eliminate keloids without surgery.
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Causes of keloid scars
A keloid scar is not a well understood phenomenon and the causes of its appearance are unknown. As a rule, the sores heal for about a year. The completion of this process is the formation of a mature scar. But sometimes this healing process is disrupted. Keloid scars begin to develop within 0.5 to 3 months after the onset of the wound and continue to grow even 6 months after the injury.
A keloid scar can form anywhere on the human body, even after a minor injury. In this case, the nature and size of the damage itself is in no way associated with the likelihood of a scar.
They occur at the site of skin lesions, for example, after operations, burns, piercings, acne. The reason for their appearance is the proliferation of connective tissues. Typically, these scars are reddish in color, rough, may grow over time, and itching is unpleasant.
It is not always easy to predict exactly how the skin will behave after damage, but there are prerequisites for the formation of such scars.
- The main reason for keloid scars is a genetic predisposition when an increased content of enzyme responsible for the production of collagen is observed in the human body. Excess protein intake can also affect the formation of keloids, such as sports nutrition or active meat consumption, for example.
We can also list these as causes:
- poorly matched wound edges;
- getting into the wound from infections and suppuration of the wound;
- skin tightly stretched around the wound;
- hormonal imbalance in the body;
- weakened immunity;
Development of a keloid scar
Specialists distinguish four stages of development:
- epithelization, when the site of damage is covered with a thin layer of epithelium. On average, after a week, the epithelial film begins to grow and thicken, change color and become paler;
- stage of swelling, which occurs after 2.5 weeks. This period is characterized by an increase in the volume of the scar, pain on palpation appears. This stage lasts approximately 3-4 weeks. At the end of the period, the scar stops being painful and turns red;
- compacting stage, when the scar is covered with dense patches and becomes less smooth. At this point, the scar is already similar to a keloid neoplasm;
- the softening stage is the last stage in the development of a keloid scar. During this period, the scar becomes paler, the pain disappears, the scar becomes softer and more mobile.
The keloid scar formed is not dangerous to human health, but can cause discomfort, both psychological and physical. These scars are unable to disappear or diminish independently, even over time. Damage to the keloid scar itself should be avoided, this can lead to an increase in the size of the scar or worsening of the disease.
Treatment of keloid scars
The treatment of keloid scars is selected individually in each case. This may include local therapy when pressure bandages are applied to the site of the scar. In this way, the formation of an unpleasant scar can be avoided.
In addition, a drug treatment is prescribed : the use of ointments, gels and pharmacotherapy with the introduction of corticosteroids under the skin at the site of scar formation. These hormones contribute to the reverse development of keloid tissue and, therefore, to a decrease in the scar.
Physiotherapeutic methods of treating keloid scars are widely used, including electrophoresis and ultraphonophoresis. Mesotherapy is also effective - injecting nutrients into the scar surface. These meso cocktails soften the coarse fabric and help it absorb.
If conservative methods are ineffective, resort to surgery - scar excision.
- If it is enough to reduce the thickness of the scar, the doctor will recommend that you resort to laser resurfacing, there are devices for this in cosmetology clinics. It is an exposure to the skin with a laser beam. It is best to perform such polishing in the fall or winter so that the laser exposure area does not subsequently fall into the sun.
Such resurfacing helps to make the scar more uniform and to get rid of the dark color of the scar. The number of procedures and the type of laser are selected individually, depending on the complexity of the keloid scar.
- If the patient needs to "remove" the width and thickness of the keloid scar, then surgical treatment is preferable - excision of the keloid with additional treatment with silicone gels or stickers.
Surgical correction is usually indicated for rough scars. During this operation, the surgeon dissects the scar tissue and tightens the edges of the wound with thin sutures. If the operation succeeds, only a threadlike trace of 1 to 2 mm thick will remain on the skin. This type of correction is popular, for example, in women embarrassed by a scar after a cesarean.
Keloid scars are also fought with physiotherapeutic methods. The most popular of them:
- the influence of micro currents.
Phonophoresis involves the introduction into the body of active drugs using ultrasonic vibrations. With electrophoresis, preparations containing lidase and other enzymes are impregnated with special buffers. In each of them, an electrode is then fixed. They are placed on the problem area for several minutes. Since the current discharges are low, a person only feels a slight tingling sensation in the scar area.
A similar method is the use of micro currents. Weak discharges gently affect both the outer layer of the skin and the deeper layers, vessels and muscles. For this reason, metabolic processes in the tissues are started, the microcirculation of blood and lymph improves.
However, plastic surgeons warn that it is risky to prescribe a method to treat a keloid scar yourself. Before signing up for a particular procedure, you should consult a specialist, since many physiotherapy procedures, on the contrary, can promote the growth of a keloid scar.
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