According to experts, the incidence of dysmenorrhea varies depending on age.
Dysmenorrhea is a condition when a woman’s menstruation is accompanied by painful sensations in the lower abdomen. In most cases, bouts of pain during menstruation are experienced by young women of reproductive age. In some women, the manifestations of dysmenorrhea can be so severe that they lose their ability to work for one or two days a month during menstruation. Severe pain depletes the nervous system, promotes the development of an asthenic state, reduces memory, working capacity - in general, significantly affects the quality of life of a woman.
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However, there are reasons why women have been painful periods. According to experts, it could be linked to or be a symptom of an infertility disease like, adenyosis, endometriosis, uterine polyps, etc...
TYPES OF DYSMENORRHEA
There are two types of dysmenorrhea:
- Primary dysmenorrhea.
This is the most common type of dysmenorrhea. The pain is usually caused by contractions of the uterus (womb). The uterus contracts during your period to help the uterine lining leave the body. Teens may get dysmenorrhea soon after they get their first period. For most women, primary dysmenorrhea gets less painful as they get older. But some women get severe menstrual pain. Your risk for dysmenorrhea may be higher if you:
- Got your first period before age 11
- Have longer or heavier periods
- Have high levels of stress
- Secondary dysmenorrhea.
This type of dysmenorrhea is usually caused by another health problem. Pain from secondary dysmenorrhea usually gets worse as you get older. It also lasts longer than normal menstrual cramps. Problems that cause secondary dysmenorrhea include:
- Endometriosis. This condition happens when the lining of the uterus grows outside of the uterus where it does not belong. In response to monthly changes in levels of the hormone estrogen, this lining breaks down and bleeds outside of the uterus and can cause swelling and pain.
- Uterine fibroids. Fibroids are tumors that grow in or on the wall of the uterus. They are almost always not cancerous. Some women with fibroids experience pelvic pain and vaginal bleeding at times when they do not have their period.
- Ovarian cysts. Cysts are fluid-filled sacs on the ovary. Ovarian cysts usually don’t cause any symptoms, but some can cause pain during your period or at ovulation.
- Adenomysis, which is a condition in which the tissue lining the uterus begins to grow into the uterine muscle wall. ·
- Pelvic inflammation, which is an infection of the female reproductive organs caused by bacteria. The bacteria is transmitted by sexual contact. ·
- Cervical stenosis. In some women, a fairly small cervical opening will inhibit menstrual flow. This will create painful pressure in the uterus.
CAUSES OF DYSMENORRHEA
There is no definite reason why the pain experienced by each menstruating woman is different. Some are so severe but some are not disturbed. However, some causes of pain during menstruation were reported from EXPERTS, namely:
Heavy blood flow
Under the age of 20 years
Having excess prostaglandin hormone (a hormone that affects the uterus)
Organic disorders in women between 28 -45 years linked to inflammation, endometriosis, adenomyosis, tubal blockage, etc....
- Pain is the main symptom. It is localized in the lower abdomen, can have a different intensity. Usually they are cramping, pulling, aching or bursting in nature.
- General weakness;
- Headache ;
- dizziness ;
- Nausea, vomiting;
- Temperature increase up to 37-38 ° С.
- Analgesics or hormonal contraceptives
Taking analgesics or hormonal contraceptives temporarily relieves the symptoms of dysmenorrhea, but, in fact, is not aimed at treating this disease. Moreover, the frequent use of analgesics adversely affects the liver and stomach, and oral contraceptives alter the natural hormonal background of the body and are a predisposing factor for the development of very serious diseases of the female genital area.
- Osteopathic Method
This is an alternative no drug therapy perfomed by doctors aimed at eliminating the immediate causes of the disease.
With dysmenorrhea, the main symptoms occur due to a violation of the blood supply to the pelvic organs with congestion, muscle spasms, violations of the relative position of internal organs and excessive stretching of their walls. All this leads to pinching and irritation of nerve fibers, which leads to the occurrence of pain.
During an osteopathic session, the doctor works with the immediate cause of the pain: it detects and relieves spasms and muscle blocks, releases pinched vessels and nerves. Restores the position of the uterus and other organs located in the pelvis. Restores elasticity of ligaments. All this leads to a rapid improvement after the first sessions.
Take pain relievers
If your menstrual pain feels blaming to interfere with activity, it never hurts to take pain medication, such as ibuprofen and naproxen. You can get these two pain relievers without a doctor's prescription and many are sold freely at the nearest pharmacy or drug store.
Before taking pain medication, make sure you read the instructions for using the drug carefully. Take the medication according to the recommended dosage to avoid dangerous side effects.
If your menstrual pain is caused by another health condition, your doctor may recommend surgery to treat it.
What are the usual tests to diagnose dysmenorrhea?
Before doing the test, your doctor will usually ask about your medical history first. After that, the doctor will conduct a series of physical and laboratory examinations to establish the diagnosis. If the doctor suspects an abnormality and infection in your reproductive organs, he or she may have a pelvic examination.
Your doctor may also do the following tests to make a diagnosis:
- Ultrasound (USG) uses sound waves to examine the uterus, cervix, fallopian tubes, and ovaries.
- CT (computerized tomography) scan or MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging) scan to see details on organs, bones and tissues to diagnose the cause.
- Laparoscopy to help see the cause of your pain.
OTHER NATURAL METHODS TO OVERCOME PAINFUL PERIOD
- Compress with warm water
Compressing the stomach and lower back with warm water can reduce painful menstrual cramps gradually. A 2012 study found that compressed warm water 40 degrees Celsius had the same effectiveness as ibuprofen. The study focused on 147 women aged 18 to 30 years who have regular menstrual cycles. In addition to using the compress method, you can also try soaking in warm water to relax all parts of the body.
- Vaginal Orgasm
orgasm involves the entire body including the spinal cord. Orgasm can help the body release neurotransmitters such as endorphins and oxytocin. Endorphins can reduce pain perception.
- Avoiding certain foods
Avoiding certain foods should be done while menstruating. Among them are foods that cause bloating and water retention. The biggest causes include fatty foods, alcohol, soda, caffeine, and foods with high salt content. Reducing or cutting food can help reduce cramps. Try also to consume ginger or mint tea with lemon to treat menstrual cramps.
Instead, you increase your intake of foods containing omega-3 fatty acids and magnesium to reduce inflammation that causes menstrual pain. In addition, also increase iron intake because it can help prevent anemia that often comes up to menstruation.
- . Diet and exercise
Maintaining a healthy diet and exercise can help minimize pain during menstruation. Researchin 2006 found a significant difference between menstrual pain in women who maintain a healthy lifestyle and those who do not. The study focused on 250 women related to menstrual pain.