Physical exercise and epilepsy
Epilepsy is a chronic progressive disease of the brain in which foci of arousal form in the brain with a convulsive preparation, manifested by fits of convulsions, temporary loss of consciousness and autonomic disorders, as well as mental disorders and the development of dementia that increases during illness.
Epilepsy can be congenital and acquired. Hereditary predisposition plays a role. It can occur or occur at any age.
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Causes of epilepsy:
-Pathology of fetal development.
-Asphyxiation of the fetus during childbirth.
-Mechanical damage to the head during childbirth.
-Infectious diseases of the nervous system.
-Poisoning of the nervous system (alcoholism, etc.).
-Parasitic diseases of the brain.
Physiotherapy exercises for epilepsy play an important role in the treatment of patients, since the rhythm of movements and breathing favorably affects the normalization of inhibition and excitement in the brain. Keep in mind that with epilepsy, the likelihood of developing dementia is high.
Purpose of exercise therapy
-Improved trophism of brain tissue;
-Strengthen the body and expand its adaptive capacities;
Exercise therapy technique
The exercises include stretching, relaxation, coordination of movements, balance, breathing execises (full and diaphragmatic breathing), general strengthening exercises at a slow pace.
You can apply lessons on simulators: walking on a treadmill and an exercise bike at a uniform and constant rate, that is, there is no pronounced acceleration and deceleration of speed. It is necessary to pay attention to the fact that the training in epilepsy simulators aims at the rhythm of movements and breathing, which favorably affect the harmonization of the brain.
It is also recommended that walking in the wild should be slow (at a speed of 60 to 80 steps per minute) or medium (at a speed of 80 to 100 steps per minute). While walking on the counter, breathe only through your nose.
Swimming is also useful under control.
Isotonic and isometric exercises can only be performed if the patient does not hold his or her breath while inhaling or exhaling during a load on the muscles.
!! Very important on:
1) It is necessary to ensure that breathing is only through the nose in order to avoid hyperventilation of the lungs, which is dangerous due to an increased convulsive preparation due to an excess of oxygen in the blood.
2) Do not hold your breath during expiration because of the subconscious perception of this gesture as a manifestation of convulsion of the diaphragm.
3) Stretching and relaxation of muscles occurs best on exhalation.
Monitor heart reserve
A heart rate check with calculation of the heart reserve is recommended. We do not use 100% of the heart reserve in the case of epilepsy in order to prevent over-excitement of the central nervous system which occurs during hyperventilation of the lungs. Depending on the patient's condition, physical activity is authorized, involving 70 to 80% of the cardiac reserve.
Coordination and breathing exercise:
Sitting on a chair, arms on the sides, a ball in the right hand. Inspire
1 - Raise your left leg and pass the ball from the right hand to the left hand under the knee - exhale.
2 - Return to the starting position, the ball in the left hand - inhalation.
3 - Lift the right leg, under the knee pass the ball in the right hand - exhale.
4 - Return to the starting position, the ball in the right hand - inhale.
In other words, the ball "draws a number eight".
Now we change the direction of the ball the other way around, as if "the movie is coming back".
It is a coordination exercise. You cannot focus on breathing (voluntary breathing).
Yoga can help relieve the stress caused by taking anti-spike medication and can treat depression and overweight, says MayoClinic.com.
By holding a yoga posture, a person learns to focus on breathing, yoga can teach you how to use breathing to calm the body and mind. For someone with epilepsy, good breathing can be another tool to fight disease.
- When swimming, an epileptic patient must be constantly monitored and the rescuers must be informed in advance of their illness, so that in the event of an attack, they can be helped in time.
- When riding a bicycle, wear a helmet and other protective equipment (knee pads and elbow pads). Do not drive on the road. The most suitable place for cycling is the city park.
- Sports activities related to rock climbing (for example, rock climbing and rock climbing, hang gliding and skydiving), with appropriate safety measures, are only possible if the attacks are well controlled. In other cases, such activities are not recommended. Only the attending physician can authorize such sports.
- Sports that require special care include boxing and other martial arts, gymnastics, horse riding, scuba diving.
- Sport with epilepsy should be selected taking into account the characteristics of the child. Sports such as boxing, skiing, wrestling can cause deterioration and are therefore contraindicated. Maybe the doctor recommends tennis, cross-country skiing, badminton.
- In general, any epileptic sport can be both contraindicated and authorized, because in each individual case the degree of danger to which a person will be exposed varies. A consultation with your doctor about the possibility of a full-blown workout will help you determine the appropriate diet for the sport.
Worldwide delivery contact/whatsapp: +22990431725